Pubblicazioni scientifiche

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(updated to June 2012)

2012
  • Capua I. (2012) “Restore ties lost in the Arab Spring”; Nature 2012 March, 483:536
  • Gambaryan A.S., Matrosovich T.Y., Philipp J., Munster V.J., Fouchier R.A.M., Cattoli G., Capua I., Krauss S.L., Webster R.G., Banks J., Bovin N.V., Klenk H.D., Matrosovich M.N. (2012) “Receptor-binding Profiles of H7 Subtype Influenza Viruses in Different Host Species”; Journal of Virology 2012 Feb; [epub]
  • Kongkamnerd J., Cappelletti L., Prandi A., Seneci P., Rungrotmongkol T., Jongaroonngamsang N., Rojsitthisak P., Frecer V., Milani A., Cattoli G., Terregino C., Capua I., Beneduce L., Gallotta A., Pengo P., Fassina G., Miertus S., De-Eknamkul W. (2012) “Synthesis and in vitro study of novel neuraminidase inhibitors against avian influenza virus”; Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 2012 Jan; [epub]
  • De Battisti C., Salviato A., Jonassen C.M., Toffan A., Capua,I., Cattoli G. (2012) “Genetic characterization of astroviruses detected in guineas fowl (Numida meleagris) reveals a distinct genotype and suggests cross-species transmission between turkey and guinea fowl”; Achives of Virology 2012 Apr; [epub]
  • De Benedictis P., Perboni G., Gentili C., Gaetti L., Zaffanella F., Mutinelli F., Capua I., Cattoli G.(2012) “Fatal case of human rabies imported to Italy from India highlights the importance of adequate post-exposure prophylaxis, October 2011”; Eurosurveillance 2012 May 2012; Rapid Communications [epub]
  • Dundon W.G., Heidari A., Fusaro A., Monne I., Beato M.S., Cattoli G., Koch G., Starick E., Brown I.H., Aldous E.W., Briand F-X., Le Gall-Reculé G., Jestin V., Jorgensen P., Berg M., Zohari S., Metreveli G., Munir M., Stahl K., Albina E., Hammoumi S., Gil P., Servan de Almeida R., Smietanka K., Domaniska-Blicharz K., Minta Z., Van Borm S., Van Den Berg T., Martin A.M., Barbieri I., Capua I. (2011) “Genetic data from avian influenza and avian paramyxoviruses generated by the European network of excellence (EPIZONE) between 2006 and 2011 - review and recommendations for surveillance”; Vet Microbiol 2012 Jan; 154:209-221
  • Fouchier R.A., García-Sastre A., Kawaoka Y., Barclay W.S., Bouvier N.M., Brown I.H., Capua I., Chen H., Compans R.W., Couch R.B., Cox N.J., Doherty P.C., Donis R.O., Feldmann H., Guan Y., Katz Y., Klenk H.D., Kobinger G., Liu J., Liu X., Lowen A., Mettenleiter T.C., Osterhaus A.D., Palese P., Peiris J.S., Perez D.R., Richt J.A., Schultz-Cherry S., Steel J., Subbarao K., Swayne D.E., Takimoto T., Tashiro M., Taubenberger J.K., Thomas P.G., Tripp R.A., Tumpey T.M., Webby R.J., Webster R.G. (2012) “Pause on avian flu transmission studies”; Nature 2012 Jan; 481(7382):443
  • Fouchier R.A., García-Sastre A., Kawaoka Y., Barclay W.S., Bouvier N.M., Brown I.H., Capua I., Chen H., Compans R.W., Couch R.B., Cox N.J., Doherty P.C., Donis R.O., Feldmann H., Guan Y., Katz Y., Klenk H.D., Kobinger G., Liu J., Liu X., Lowen A., Mettenleiter T.C., Osterhaus A.D., Palese P., Peiris J.S., Perez D.R., Richt J.A., Schultz-Cherry S., Steel J., Subbarao K., Swayne D.E., Takimoto T., Tashiro M., Taubenberger J.K., Thomas P.G., Tripp R.A., Tumpey T.M., Webby R.J, Webster R.G. (2012) “Pause on avian flu transmission research”; Science 2012 Jan; 335(6067):400-401
  • Gambaryan A.S., Matrosovich T.Y., Philipp J., Munster V.J., Fouchier R.A., Cattoli G., Capua I., Krauss S.L., Webster R.G., Banks J., Bovin N.V., Klenk H.D., Matrosovich M.N.(2012) “Receptor-binding profiles of H7 subtype influenza viruses in different host species”; J Virol 2012 Feb, 86(8):4370-4379
  • Kongkamnerd J., Milani A., Cattoli G., Terregino C., Capua I., Beneduce L., Gallotta A., Pengo P., Fassina G., Miertus S., De Eknamkul W. 82012) “A screening assay for neuraminidase inhibitors using neuraminidases N1 and N3 from a baculovirus expression system”; J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem 2012 Feb; 27(1):5-11
  • Panzarin V., Fusaro A., Monne I., Cappellozza E., Patarnello P., Bovo G., Capua I., Holmes E.C., Cattoli G. (2012) “Molecular epidemiology and evolutionary dynamics of betanodavirus in southern Europe”; Infection, Genetics and Evolution 2012 Jan; 12(1):63-70
  • Pérez L.J., Dìaz de Arce H., Cilloni F., Salviato A., Marciano S., Perera C.L., Salomoni A., Beato M.S., Romero Tejeda A., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2012)”An SYBR green-based real-time RT-PCR assay for the detection of H5 hemagglutinin subtype avian influenza virus” Mol Cell Probes 2012 [in press]
  • Savini G., Capelli G., Monaco F., Polci A., Russo F., Di Gennaro A., Marini V., Teodori L., Montarsi F., Pinoni C., Pisciella M., Terregino C., Capua I., Lelli R. “Evidence of West Nile virus lienage 2 circulation in northern Italy” Vet Microbiol 2012 [in press]
2011
  • Bavaglioli L., Dundon W.G., Garbelli A., Zecchin B., Milani A., Parakkal G., Baldanti F., Paolucci S., Volmer R., Tu Y., Wu C., Capua I., Maga G. (2011) “The PDZ-Ligand and Scr-Homology Type 3 Domains Epidemic Avian Influenza Virus NS1 Protein Modulate Human Src Kinase Activity during Viral Infection”; PloS One 2011 Nov; 6(11):e27789
  • Beato M.S., Capua I. (2011) “Transboundary spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza through poultry commodities and wild birds: A review”; Rev Sci Tech (International Office of Epizootics) 2011 Apr; 30(1):51-61. 
  • Capua I., Monne I., Cattoli G. (2011) “One Flu - a novel approach to influenza virus infections”; Influenza Other Respi Viruses 2010 Sept; 5(1):18-20
  • Cattoli G., Fusaro A., Monne I., Coven F., Joannis T., Abd El-Hamid H.S., Hussein A.A., Cornelius C., Amarin N.M., Mancin M., Holmes E.C., Capua,I. (2011) “Evidence for differing evolutionary dynamics of A/H5N1 viruses among countries applying or not applying avian influenza vaccination in poultry”; Vaccine 2011 Nov; 29(50):9368-9375
  • Cattoli G., Milani A., Temperton N., Zecchin B., Burattin A., Molesti E., Aly M.M., Arafa A.S., Capua,I. (2011) “Antigenic Drift In H5N1 Avian Influenza In Poultry Is Driven By Mutations In Major Antigenic Sites Of The Hemagglutinin Molecule Analogous To Human Influenza”; J Virol 2011 Sept; 85(17):8718-24 
  • De Benedictis P., De Battisti C., Dacheux L., Marciano S., Ormelli S., Salomoni A., Tiozzo Caenazzo S., Lepelletier A., Bourhy H., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2011) “Lyssavirus detection and typing using pyrosequencing”; J Clinic Microbiol 2011 May; 1932-1938
  • Dundon W.G., Arzul I., Omnes E., Robert M., Magnabosco C., Zambon M., Gennari L., Toffan A., Terregino C., Capua I., Arcangeli G. (2011) “Detection of Type 1 Ostreid Herpes variant (OsHV-1 μvar) with no associated mortality in French-origin Pacific cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas farmed in Italy”; Aquaculture 2011 Feb; 314:49-52
  • Fusaro A., Monne I., Salviato A., Valastro V., Schivo A., Amarin N.M., Gonzalez C., Ismail M.M., Al-Ankari A.-R., Al-Blowi M.H., Khan O.A.,  Maken Ali A.S., Hedayati A., Garcia J., Ziay G.M., Shoushtari A., Al Qahtani K.N., Capua I., Holmes E.C., Cattoli G. (2011) “Phylogeography and  evolutionary hostory of reassortant H9N2 viruses with potential human health implications”; J Virol 2011 Aug; 85(16):8413-8421
  • Kongkamnerd J., Milani A., Cattoli G., Terregino C., Capua I., Beneduce L., Gallotta A., Pengo P.Dr., Fassina G., Monthakantirat O., Umehara K., De-Eknamkul W., Miertus S. (2011) “The Quenching Effect of Flavonoids on 4-Methylumbelliferone, a Potential Pitfall in Fluorimetric Neuraminidase Inhibition Assays”; J Biomol Screen 2011 Aug; 16(7):755-765
  • Monne I., Fusaro A., Valastro V., Citterio C., Dalla Pozza M., Obber F., Trevisiol K., Cova M., De Benedictis P., Bregoli M., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2011) “A distinct CDV genotype causing a major epidemic in Alpine wildlife”; Vet Microbiol 2011 May; 150(1-2):63-69
  • Pizzuto M.S., De Benedictis P., Maniero S., Toson M., Dundon W.G., M'Baye Seck B., Capua I. (2011) “Improving heat stability of haemagglutinating antigens for avian influenza”; Biologicals 2011 May; 39(3):3
  • Toffan A., Terregino C., Mazzacan E., Castaldello I., Capua I. (2011) “Detection of Chinese Q1 strain of infectious bronchitis in Europe”; Vet Rec 2011 Aug; 169(8):212-213 
2010
  • Müller T., Klupp B.G., Freuling C., Hoffmann B., Mojcicz M., Capua I., Palfi V., Toma B., Lutz W., Ruiz-Fon F., Gortárzar C., Hlinak A., Schaarschmidt U., Zimmer K., Conraths F.J., Hahn E.C., Mettenleiter T.C. (2010) “Characterization of pseudorabies virus of wild boar origin from Europe” Epidemiol Infect 2010 Nov; 138(11):1590-1600
  • Fusaro A., Nelson M.I., Joannis T., Bertolotti L., Monne I., Salviato A., Olaleye O., Shittu I., Sulaiman L., Lombin L.H., Capua I., Holmes E.C., Cattoli G. (2010) "Evolutionary dynamics of multiple sublineages of H5N1 influenza viruses in Nigeria from 2006 to 2008"; J Virol 2010 Apr; 84(7):3239-3247
  • Fusaro A., Monne I., Cattoli G., De Nardi R., Salviato S., Moreno Martin A., Capua I., Terregino C. (2010) "Gene segment reassortment between Eurasian and American clades of avian influenza virus in Italy"; Arch Virol 155(1):77-81
  • Cattoli G., Fusaro A., Monne I., Molia S., Le Menach A., Maregeya B., Nchare A., Bangana I., Garba Maina A., N'Goran Koffi J.N., Thiam H, Bezeid O.E.M.A., Salviato A,, Nisi R,, Terregino C,, Capua I. (2010) "Emergence of a New Genetic Lineage of Newcastle Disease Virus In West And Central Africa – Implications For Diagnosis And Control"; Vet Microbiol 2010 May; 142(3-4):168-176
  • Giannecchini S., Clausi V., Di Trani L., Falcone E., Terregino C., Toffan A., Cilloni F., Matrosovich M., Gambaryan A.S., Bovin N.V., Delogu M., Capua I., Donatelli I., Azzi A. (2010) “Molecular adaptation of an H7N3 wild duck influenza virus following experimental multiple passages in quail and turkey”; Virology 2010 Oct; 408(2):167-173
  • Rigoni M., Toffan A., Viale E., Mancin M., Cilloni F., Bertoli E., Salomoni A., Marciano S., Milani A., Zecchin B., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2010) “The mouse model is suitable for the study of viral factors governing transmission and pathogenesis of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses in mammals” Vet Res 2010 Sep-Oct; 41(5):66
  • Capua I., Cattoli G. (2010) “One Flu for One Health” Emerg Infect Dis 2010 Apr; 16(4):719
  • Toffan A., Olivier A., Mancin M., Tuttoilmondo V., Facco D., Capua I., Terregino C. (2010) "Evaluation of different serological tests for the detection of antibodies against higly pathogenic avian influenza in experimentally infected ostriches (Struthio camelus)"; Avian Pathol; 39(1):11-15
  • Cilloni F., Toffan A., Giannecchini S., Clausi V., Azzi A., Capua I., Terregino C. (2010) "Increased pathogenicity and shedding in chickens of a wild bird-origin LP AI virus of the H7N3 subtype following multiple in vivo passages in quail and turkey"; Avian Dis; 54:555-557
  • Terregino C., Toffan A., Cilloni F., Monne I., Bertoli E., Castellanos L., Amarin N., Mancin M., Capua I.; (2010) "Evaluation of the protection induced by avian influenza vaccines containing Mexican H5N2 LPAI seed strain against a 2008 Egyptian H5N1 virus belonging to clade 2.2.1 by means of serological and in vivo tests"; Avian Pathol; 39(3):215-222
  • Smietanka K., Fusaro A, Domanska-Blicharz K., Salviato A., Monne I., Dundon W.G., Cattoli G., Minta Z. (2010) "Full-length Genome Sequencing of the Polish 1 HPAI H5N1 Viruses Suggests Separate Introductions in 2006 and 2007"; Avian Dis 2010 Mar; 54(1 Suppl):335-339
  • Keiner B., Maenz B., Wagner R., Cattoli G., Capua I., Klenk H.D. (2010) "Intracellular distribution of NS1 correlates with the Infectivity and interferon antagonism of an Avian Influenza virus (H7N1)"; J Virol 2010 Nov; 84(22):11858-11865
  • Pizzuto M.S., De Battisti C., Marciano S., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2010) “Pyrosequencing analysis for a rapid classification of fowl adenovirus species” Avian Pathol 2010 Oct; 39(5):391-398
  • Beato M.S., Monne I., Mancin M., Bertoli E., Capua I. (2010) “A proof-of-principle study to identify suitable vaccine seed candidates to combat introductions of Eurasian lineage H5 and H7 subtype avian influenza viruses”; Avian Pathol 2010 Oct; 39(5):375-382
  • Dauphin G., Hamilton K., Kim L.M., Choudhury B., Capua I., Edwards S. (2010) “Main achievements of the World Organisation for Animal Health/United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization network on animal influenza”; Avian Dis 2010 Mar; 54(1 Suppl):380-390
  • Capua I., Alexander D. (2010) “Perspectives on the global threat: the challenge of avian influenza viruses for the world's veterinary community”; Avian Dis  2010 Mar; 54(1 Suppl):176-178
  • Anderson T., Capua I., Dauphin G., Donis R., Fouchier R., Mumford E., Peiris M., Swayne D., Thiermann A. (2010) “FAO-OIE-WHO Joint Technical Consultation on Avian Influenza at the Human-Animal Interface”; Influenza Other Respi Viruses 2010 May; 4(Suppl 1):1-29
  • Dauphin G., Mumford L., Thiermann A., Capua I. (2010) “Opening letter. Avian influenza at the human animal interface” Influenza Other Respi Viruses 2010 May; 4(Suppl 1):i
  • Dundon W.G., Heidari A., De Nardi R., Terregino C., Capua I., Cattoli G. 82010) “Genetic variation of Italian avian paramyxoviruses serotype 9”; Virus Genes 2010 Aug; 41(1):43-46
  • Di Lullo G.; Soprana E.; Panigada M.; Palini A.; Agresti A.; Comunian C.; Milani A.; Capua I.; Erfle V.; Siccardi G.A. (2009) "The combination of marker gene swapping and fluorescence-activated cell sorting improves the efficiency of recombinant modified vaccinia virus Ankara vaccine production for human use"; Jof Virol Methods 2010 Feb; 163(2):195-204 
2009 
  • Talbi C., Holmes E. C., De Benedictis P., Faye O., Nakoune E., Gamatie D., Diarra A., Elmamy B.O., Sow A., Adjogoua E.V., Sangare O., Dundon W.G., Capua I.,  Sall A.A., Bourhy H. (2009) “Evolutionary history and dynamics of dog rabies virus in western and central Africa”; J Gen Virol; 90:783 – 791
  • Capua I., Cattoli G.(2009) “Flu: vaccinate to cut risk of chimaeras virus emerging”; Nature 2009 July; 460:571 
  • Beato M.S., Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2009) "Avian influenza viruses in poultry products: a review"; Avian Pathol 2009 Jun; 38(3):193-200
  • Capua I., Terregino C., Castagnaro M. (2010) “Essential veterinary education in avian medicine: a global perspective”; Rev Sci Tech 2009 Aug; 28(2):545-549
  • De Benedictis P., Sow A., Fusaro A., Veggiato C., Talbi C., Kaboré A., Dundon W.G., Bourhy H., Capua I. (2010) “; Zoonoses Public Health 2009 Dec; 8:19
  • Mori A., De Benedictis P., Marciano S., Zecchin B., Zuin A., Zecchin B., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2008) “Development of a real-time duplex TaqMan-PCR for the detection of Equine rhinitis A and B viruses in clinical specimens”; J Virol Methods 2009 Feb; 155(2):175-181 
  • Fusaro A., Joannis T., Monne I., Salviato A., Yakubu B., Meseko C., Oladokun T., Fassina S., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2009) “Introduction into Nigeria of a Distinct Genotype of Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1)”, Emerg Infect Dis 2009 March; 15(3):445-447 
  • Cattoli G., Monne I, Fusaro A., Joannis T.M., Lombin L.H., Aly M.M., ArafaA.S., Sturm-Ramirez K.M. Couacy-Hymann E., Awuni J.A., Batawui K.B., Awoume K.A., Aplogan G.L., Sow A., Ngangnou A.C., El Nasri Hamza I.M., Gamatiè D., Dauphin G., Domenech J.M., Capua I. (2008) "Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 in Africa a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis and molecular characterization of isolates from 2006 to early 2008"; PlosOne 2009 March; 4(3):1-9 
  • Capua I., Alexander, D.J. (2009) “Avian Influenza infection in birds: a challenge and opportunity for the poultry veterinarian”; Poultry Science; 88:842-846 
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J., Rideout B.A., Vincent M. (2008) "The changing Epidemiology of Avian Influenza"; Food Security in a Global Economy; 101-119 
  • Capua I., Kajaste-Rudnitski A., Bertoli E., Vicenzi E., (2009) "Pandemic vaccine preparedness-have we left something behind?"; PLoS Pathog 2009 June 2009; 5(6)
  • Capua I., Schimtz A., Jestin V., Koch G., Marangon S. (2009) “Vaccination as a tool to combat introductions of notifiable avian influenza viruses in Europe, 2000 to 2006”; Rev Sci Tech Off Int Epiz 2009; 28(1):245-259  
  • De Benedictis P., Mutinelli F., Veggiato C., Capua I., Squecco G., Coassin R., Ferri G. (2009) "Rabies in a vaccinated dog in Italy"; Vet Rec 2009; 165(7):216 
  • Terregino C.; De Nardi R.; Nisi R.; Cilloni F.; Salviato A.; Fasolato M.; Capua I. (2009) "Resistance of turkeys to experimental infection with an early 2009 Italian human influenza A (H1N1) Virus isolate"; Euro Surveill 2009 Oct; 14(41) 
  • Cattoli G.; De Battisti C.; Marciano S.; Ormelli S.; Monne I., Terregino C.; Capua I. (2009) "False negative results of a validated real time PCR protocol for Newcastle Disease due to genic variability of the matrix gene"; J Clin Microbiol 2009; 47:3791-3792
2008  
  • Monne I., Joannis T. M., Fusaro A., De Benedictis P., Lombin L. H., Ularamu H., Egbuji A., Solomon P., Obi T.U., Cattoli G., Capua I. (2008) "Reassortant Avian Influenza Virus (H5N1) in Poultry, Nigeria, 2007"; Emerg Infec Dis 2008 Apr; 14(4) 
  • Monne I., Ormelli S., Salviato A., De Battisti C., Bettini F., Salomoni A., Drago A., Zecchin B., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2008) "Development and Validation of A one step real time PCR Assay for the simultaneous detection of H5, H7, and H9 subtype avian influenza viruses"; J Clin Microbiol 2008 May; 1769-1773 
  • Gaidet N., Cattoli G., Hammoumi S., Newman S.H., Hagemeijer W., Takekawa J.Y., Cappelle J., Dodman T., Joannis T., Gil P., Monne I., Fusaro A., Capua I., Manu S., Micheloni P., Ottoson Ulf, Mshelbwala J.H., Lubroth J., Domenech J., Monicat F. (2008) "Evidence of infection by H5N2 Higly Pathogenic avian influenza viruses in healthy wild waterfowl"; PLoS Pathog 2008 Aug; 4(8):1-9 
  • Monne I., Fusaro A., Al-Blowi M.H., Ismail M.M., Khan A., Dauphin G., Tripodi A., Salviato A., Maramgon S., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2008) "Co-circulation of two sublineages of HPAI H5N1 virus in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia with unique molecular signatures suggesting separate introductions into the commercial poultry and falconry sectors"; J Gen Virol; 89:2691-2697 
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2008) “Ecology, Epidemiology and Human Health Implications of Avian Influenza Viruses: Why do We Need to Share Genetic Data?”; Zoonoses Public Health 2008 Feb; 55(1): 2-13 
  • Marangon S., Cecchinato M., Capua I. (2008) “Use of Vaccination in Avian Influenza Control and Eradication”; Zoonoses Public Health; 55(1):65-72 
  • Toffan A., Beato M.S., De Nardi R., Bertoli E., Salviato A., Cattoli G., Terregino C., Capua I. (2008) "Conventional inactivated bivalent H5/H7 vaccine prevents viral localisation in muscles of turkeys infected experimentally with LPAI and HPAI H7N1 isolates"; Avian Pathol; 37(4):407-412 
  • Terregino C., Toffan A., Beato M.S., De Nardi R., Vascellari M., Meini A., Ortali G., Mancin M., Capua I. (2008) "Pathogenicity of a QX strain of infectious bronchitis virus in specific pathogen free and commercial broiler chickens, and evaluation of protection induced by a vaccination programme based on the Ma5 and 4/91 serotypes"; Avian Pathol; 37(5):487-493
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2008) "Avian influenza in poultry"; Worlds Poult Sci J 2008 Dec; 64:513-531 
  • De Benedictis P., Gallo T., Iob A., Coassin R., Squecco G., Ferri G., D'Ancona F., Marangon S., Capua I., Mutinelli F. (2008) “Emergence of fox rabies in North - Eastern Italy"; Euro Surveil; 13(45):1-2 
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2008) "Avian influenza vaccines and vaccination in birds"; Vaccine; 26S(4): D70-D73 
  • Wan H., Sorrell E.M., Song H., Hossain M.J., Ramirez-Nieto G., Monne I., Stevens J., Cattoli G., Capua I., Chen L.M., Donis R.O., Busch J., Paulson J.C., Brockwell C., Webby R., Blanco J., Al-Natour M.Q., Perez D.R. (2008) “Replication and transmission of H9N2 influenza viruses in ferrets: evaluation of pandemic potential”; PLoS One 2008 Aug; 3(8):e2923
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2008). "Avian Influenza and Newcastle Disease"; Springer 2008 
  • Capua I. (2008) “Arthropod-borne viruses”; Chapter of Poultry Diseases Sixth Edition Saunders Elsevier; 415-425 
  • Alexander D.J., Capua I., Koch G. (2008) “Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Europe, Asia, and Africa Since 1959, Excluding the Asian H5N1 Virus Outbreaks”; Avian Influenza; 217-237 
  • Capua I., Cattoli G., Terregino C., Marangon S. (2008) "Avian Influenza in Italy 1997-2005"; Monographs in Virology; 27:59-68 
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2008) "Control of Notifiable Avian Influenza Infections in Poultry"; National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH; Frontiers in Research; 1(14):123-129 
  • Donis R.O., Smith G.J, Perdue M.L., Brown I.H., Hualan C., Fouchier R.A., Kawaoka Y., Mackenzie J., Shu Y., Capua I., Cox N., Davis T., Garten R., Smith C., Guan Y., Vijaykrishna D, Mumford E., Russell C.A., Smith D.(2008) “Toward a unified nomenclature system for highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N1)”. Emerg Infect Dis. 2008 Jul; 14(7):e1
2007  
  • Rigoni M., Shinya K., Toffan A., Milani A., Bettini F., Kawaoka Y., Cattoli G., Capua I. (2007) “Pneumo- and Neurotropism of Avian Origin Italian Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H7N1 Isolates in Experimentally Infected Mice”; Virol; 364:28-35 
  • Salzberg S.L., Kingsford C., Cattoli G., Spiro D.J., Janies D.A., Aly M.M., Brown I.H., Couacy-Hymann E., De Mia G.M., Dung D.H., Guercio A., Joannis T., Ali M.S.A., Osmani A., Padalino I., Saad D.M., Savic V., Sengamalay A.N., Yingst S., Zaborsky J., Zorman-Rojs O., Ghedin E., Capua I. (2007) “Genome analysis linking recent European and African influenza (H5N1) viruses”; Emerg Infect Dis; 13(5):713-718 
  • Cattoli G., De Battisti C., Toffan A., Salviato, A., Gavazza A., Cerioli M., Capua I. (2007) “Co-circulation of distinct genetic lineages of astroviruses in turkeys and guinea fowl”; Arch Virol; 152(3):565-602 
  • Capua I., Alexander, D.J. (2007) “Avian influenza infections in birds – a moving target”; Influenza and Other Respi Viruses; 1:11 
  • Beato M.S., Toffan A., De Nardi R., Cristalli A., Terregino C., Cattoli G., Capua I. (2007) “A conventional, inactivated oil emulsion vaccine suppresses shedding and prevents viral meat colonisation in commercial (Pekin) ducks challenged with HPAI H5N1”; Vaccine; 25:4064-4072 
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2007) “The use of vaccination to combat multiple introductions of Notifiable Avian Influenza viruses of the H5 and H7 subtypes between 2000 and 2006 in Italy”; Vaccine; 25:4987-4995 
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2007) “Control and prevention of avian influenza in an evolving scenario”; Vaccine; 25:5645-5652 
  • Dundon W., Maniero S., Toffan A., Capua I., Cattoli G. (2007) “Appearance of serum antibodies against the avian influenza non-structural 1 protein in experimentally infected in chickens and turkeys”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:209-212 
  • Slomka M.J., Coward V.J., Banks J., Loendt B.Z., Brown I.H., Voermans J.,Kock G., Handberg K.J., Jorgensen P.H., Cherbonnel-Pansart M., Jestin V., Cattoli G., Capua I., Ejdersund A., Thoren P., Czifra G. (2007). "Identification of a sensitive and specific Avian Influenza PCR methods through blind Ring Trials organised in the European Union"; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:227-234 
  • Marangon S., Busani L., Capua I. (2007) “Practicalities of the implementation of a vaccination campaign for Avian Influenza”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:267-303 
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2007) “The challenge of controlling Avian Influenza by means of vaccination”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:317-322 
  • Dundon W., Boscarato L., Mazzacan E., Maniero S., Toson M., Capua I. (2007) “Effect of different temperatures on Avian influenza antigen stability” Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:366
  • Cattoli G., Terregino C., Guberti V., De Nardi R., Drago A., Salviato A., Fassina S., Capua I. (2007) “Influenza virus surveillance in wild birds in Italy: results of laboratory investigations in 2003-2005”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:414-416 
  • Monne I., Cattoli G., Mazzacan E., Amarin N.M., Al Maaitah H.M., Al Natour M.Q., Capua I. (2007) “Genetic comparison of H9N2 AI viruses isolated in Jordan in 2003”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:451-454 
  • Cristalli A., Capua I. (2007) “Practical problems in controlling H5N1 high pathogenecity avian influenza at village level in Vietnam and introduction of biosecurity measures”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:461-462 
  • Terregino C., Toffan A., Beato M.S., De Nardi R., Drago A., Capua I. (2007) “Conventional H5N9 vaccine suppresses shedding in SPF birds challenged with HPAI H5N1 A/ck/Yamaguchi/7/2004”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:465-467 
  • Beato M.S., Rigoni M., Milani A., Capua I. (2007) “Generation of avian influenza reassortant viruses of the H7N5 subtype as potential vaccine candidates to be used in the framework of a “DIVA” vaccination strategy”; Avian Dis 2007 Mar; 51:476-480 
  • Cattoli G., Capua I. (2007) “L’influenza aviarie, une menace èmergente”; AFAS Sciences; 2:6-10
  • De Benedictis P., T.M. Joannis, L.H. Lombin, I. Shittu, Beato M.S., V. Rebonato, Cattoli G., Capua I. (2007) "Field and laboratory findings of the first incursion of the Asian H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus in Africa”; Avian Pathol; 36(2):115-117 
  • De Benedictis P., Beato M.S., Capua I. (2007) “Inactivation of avian influenza viruses by chemical agents and physical conditions: a review”; Zoonoses Public Health; 54:51-68 
  • Capua I. (2007) “Vaccination for notifiable avian infuenza in poultry”; Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz.; 26(1) 
  • Capua I. (2007) “Marker vaccines and the impact of their use on diagnosis and prophylactic measures”; Rev. Sci. Tech. Off Int Epiz; 26(2):351-372
  • Terregino C., De Nardi R., Guberti V., Scremin M., Raffini E., Moreno Martin A., Cattoli G., Bonfanti L., Capua I. (2007) “Active surveillance for avian influenza viruses in wild birds and backyard flocks in Northern Italy during 2004 to 2006”; Avian Pathol 2007 August; 36(4):337-344 
  • Capua I. (2007) “Avian Influenza: we have the chance to make a difference”; Vet J - Guest Editorial; 174:213-214
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2007) “Animal and human health implications of avian influenza infections” Biosc Rep. 2007; 9057-9059
2006 
  • Bogner P., Capua I., Lipman D.J., Cox N.J. and others (2006) “A global initiative on sharing avian flu data”; Nature; 442:981 
  • Capua I., Brown I., Johnson M., Senne D., Swayne D. (2006) “Veterinary virologists share avian flu data”; Science 2006 June 2006; 312:1597 
  • Monne I., Busani L., Capua I. (2006) “Influenza aviaria: aspetti zoonostici e rischi per la salute umana”; Pneumologia Pediatrica; 21:34-42
  • Capua I. (2006) ”Avian Influenza – past, present and future challenges”; Dev Biol; 124:15-20
  • Cattoli G., Capua I. (2006) “Molecular diagnosis of avian influenza during an outbreak”; Dev Biol; 124: 99-105
  • Marangon S., Capua I. (2006) “Control of AI in Italy: from stamping out to emergency and prophylactic vaccination”; Dev Biol; 124:109-115 
  • Dundon W.G., A. Milani, Cattoli G., Capua I. (2006) “Variability of the NS1 protein obtained from Italian AI isolates of the H7 subtype”; Dev Biol; 124:231
  • Terregino C., Cattoli G., Guberti V., De Nardi R., Scremin M., Beato M.S., Capua I. (2006) “Isolation of influenza A viruses belonging to the H7N7 and H7N4 subtypes from wild and domestic waterfowl in Italy”; Dev Biol; 124:235 
  • Joannis T., Lombin L.H., De Benedictis P., Cattoli G., Capua I. (2006) “Confirmation of H5N1 avian influenza in Africa; Letters”; Vet Rec 2006 March; 309-310
  • Monne I., M.S. Beato, Capua I. (2006) “Pigeon paramyxovirus isolated from a robin in Italy”; Letters – Vet Rec 2006 March; 384 
  • Dundon W.G., Milani A., Cattoli G., Capua I. (2006) “Progressive truncation of the Non-Structural 1 gene of H7N1 avian influenza viruses following estensive circulation in poultry”, Virus Res; 119(2):171-176 
  • Cattoli G., Milani A., Bettini F., Beato M.S., Mancin M., Terregino C.,Capua I. (2006) “Development and validation of anti-N3 indirect immunofluorescent antibody test to be used as a companion diagnostic test in the framework of a “DIVA” vaccination strategy for avian influenza infections in poultry”; Avian Pathol; 35(2):154-159 
  • Terregino C., Milani A., Capua I., Marino A. M., Cavaliere N. (2006) “Highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N1 subtype in mute swans in Italy”; Vet Rec 2006 Apr; 158(14):491
  • Beato M.S., Terregino C., Cattoli G., Capua I. (2006) "Isolation and characterization of an H10N7 avian influenza virus from poultry carcasses smuggled from China into Italy"; Avian Pathol; 35(5):400-403 
  • Capua I., Alexander D. J. (2006) “The challenge of avian influenza to the veterinary community”; Avian Pathol 2006 June; 35(3):189-205 
  • Capua I., Marangon, S. (2006) “Control of avian influenza in poultry”;Emerg Infect Dis 2006 September; 12(9):1319-1324 
  • Capua I., Marangon S., (2006) “Control of avian influenza infections in poultry with emphasis on vaccination”; Future Drugs; 4(5):751-757
2005
  • Puzelli S., Di Trani L., Fagiani C., Campitelli L., De Marco M. A., Capua I., Aguilera J. F., Zambon M., Donatelli I. (2005) “Serological Analysis of serum samples from humans exposed to avian H7 influenza viruses in Italy between 1999 and 2003”; J Infec Dis; 192 
  • Cattoli G., Toffan A., De Battisti C., Salviato A., Terregino C., Capua I. (2005) “Astroviruses found in the intestinal contents of guinea fowl suffering from enteritis”; Letters – Vet Rec 2006 Feb; 220 
  • Terregino C., Cattoli G., De Nardi R., Beato M.S., Capua I., Guberti V., Scremin M. (2005) “Isolation of influenza A viruses subtype H7N7 and H7N4 from waterfowl in Italy”; Letters – Vet Rec 2006 Feb; 292 
  • Jones R. C. , Worthington K.J., Capua I., Naylor C.J. (2005) “Efficacy of live infectious bronchitis vaccines against a novel European genotype, Italy 02”; Short Communications– Vet Rec 2006 May; 646-647
  • Beato M.S. , De Battisti C., Terregino C., Drago A., Capua I., Ortali G. (2005) “Evidence of circulation of a Chinese strain of infectious bronchitis virus (QXIBV) in Italy”; Letters – Vet Rec 2006 May; 720
  • Beato M.S., Terregino C., De Nardi R., Toffan A., Cattoli G., Capua I. (2005). “Epidemiological study on circulation of infectious Bronchitis Virus strains in North Eastern Italy”; Italian Journal of Animal Science; 3(05):263-265
  • Toffan A., Bano L., Montesi F., Beato M.S., De Nardi R., Terregino C., Capua I. (2005). “Detection of Caliciviruses in young pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) with enteritis in Italy”; Italian Journal of Animal Science; 3(05): 300-302
2004 
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2004) “Human Health Implications of Avian Influenza Viruses and Paramyxoviruses”; Eur J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect Dis; 23:1-6
  • Capua I., Terregino C., Cattoli G., Toffan A. (2004) “Increased Resistance of Vaccinated Turkeys to Experimental Infection with an H7N3 Low Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Virus”; Avian Pathol 2004 Apr; 33(2):158-163 
  • Marangon S., Capua I., Pozza G., Santucci U. (2004) “Field Experiences in the Control of Avian Influenza Outbreaks in Densely Populated Poultry Areas”; OIE-IABs International Conference. International Conference on the Control of Infectious Animal Diseases by Vaccination - Dev Biol; 119:155-164 
  • Capua I., Cattoli G., Marangon S. (2004) “DIVA” – A vaccination Strategy Enabling the Detection of Field Exposure to Avian Influenza Infections in Poultry”; OIE-IABs International Conference. International Conference on the Control of Infectious Animal Diseases by Vaccination - Dev Biol; 119:229-233 
  • Cattoli G., Vascellari M., Corrò M., Capua I., Mutinelli F., Sells S. F., Donahue J.M. (2004) “First case of equine nocardoform placentitis caused by Crossiella equi in Europe”. Short Communications – Vet Rec 2004 June; 730-731
  • Capua I., Marangon S., Bonfanti L. (2004) “Eradication of low pathogenicity avian influenza of the H7N3 subtype from Italy”§; Vet Rec 2004 May; 639-640
  • Alexander D.J., Capua I. (2004) “Avian Influenza”; SVJ; 14(1):3-8 
  • Capua I., De Nardi R., Beato M.S., Terregino C. (2004) “Isolation of an Avian Paramyxovirus Type 9 from Migratory Waterfowl in Italy”; Letters – Vet Rec 2004 July; 156
  • Cattoli G., Drago A., S. Maniero, Toffan A., Bertoli E., Fassina S., Terregino C., Robbi C., Vicenzoni G., Capua I. (2004) “Comparison of three rapid detection systems for type A influenza virus on tracheal swabs of experimentally and naturally infected birds”; Avian Pathol 2004August; 33(4):432-437
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2004) “Vaccination for avian influenza in Asia”; Vaccine; 22:4137-4138
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2004) “Avian Influenza: recent developments” Review article - Avian Pathol 2004 Aug; 33(4):393-404
  • Capua I.(2004) “Activities of reference laboratories & collaborating centres”; Bullettin OIE 2004
2003
  • Capua I., Terregino C., Cattoli G., Mutinelli F. and Rodriguez J.F. (2003) “Development of a DIVA (Differentiating Infected from Vaccinated Animals) strategy using a vaccine containing a haterologous neuraminidase for the control of Avian Influenza”; Avian Pathol; 32:47 –55 
  • Terregino C., Cattoli G., Grossele B., Bertoli E., Tisato E. and Capua I. (2003) “Characterization of Newcastle disease virus isolates obtained from Eurasian collared doves (Streptopelia decaocto) in Italy”; Short Communication - Avian Pathol; 32:63-68 
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2003) “Vaccination in the control of Avian influenza in the EU”; Vet Rec; 152(9):271
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2003)”The use of vaccination as an option for the control of avian influenza”; Avian Pathol 2003 Aug; 32(4):335-343
  • Capua I., Marangon S., Dalla Pozza M., Terregino C., Cattoli G. (2003) “Avian Influenza in Italy 1997 – 2001”; Avian Dis Special Issue 2003; 839 –843
  • Mutinelli F., Capua I., Terregino C., Cattoli G. (2003) “Clinical, Gross and Microscopic Findings in Different Avian Species Naturally Infected During the H7N1 Low – and High Pathogenicity Avian Influenza Epidemics in Italy During 1999 and 2000”; Avian Dis Special Issue 2003; 844 –848
  • Marangon S., Bortolotti L., Capua I., Bettio M., Dalla Pozza M. (2003) “Low-Pathogenicity avian Influenza (LPAI) in Italy (2000-01): Epidemiology and Control. Special Issue 2003”; Avian Dis Special Issue 2003; 1006 –1009
  • Cattoli G., Terregino C., Brasola V., Rodriguez J.F., Capua I. (2003) “Development and preliminary validation of an ad hoc N1-N3 Discriminatory test for the control of avian Influenza in Italy”; Avian Dis Special Issue 2003;1060 –1062
  • Mutinelli F., Hablovarid H., Capua I. (2003) “Avian Embryo susceptibility to Italian H7N1 avian influenza viruses belonging to different lineages”; Avian Dis Special Issue 2003; 1145-1149
  • Cattoli G., Brasola V., Capua I. (2003) “Plaque Morphology of Italian H7N1 LPAI Isolates in MDCK Cells and in primary cells of different avian species”; Avian Dis Special Issue 2003; 1161-1163 
  • Zanetti F., Rodriguez M., King D.J., Capua I., Carrilo E., Seal B.S., Berinstein A. (2003) “Matrix Protein Gene Sequence Analysis of Avian Paramyxovirus 1 Isolates Obtained from Pigeons”; Virus Genes; 26(2):199-206
  • Capua I., Marangon S., Cancellotti F.M. (2003) “The 1999–2000 Avian influenza H7N1 Epidemic in Italy”; Vet Res Communications; 27(Suppl. 1):123-127
2002 
  • Capua I., Cattoli G., Marangon S., Bortolotti L., Ortali G. (2002) “Strategies for the control of avian influenza in Italy”; Vet Rec 2002 Feb; 223
  • Capua I., Alexander D.J. (2002) “Avian Influenza and Human Health”; Acta Tropica; 83 
  • Capua I., Mutinelli F., Dalla Pozza M., Donatelli I., Puzelli S., Cancellotti F.M. (2002) “The 1999-2000 Avian Influenza (H7N1) Epidemic in Italy: Veterinary and Human Health Implications”; Acta Tropica; 83 
  • Capua I., Dalla Pozza M., Mutinelli F., Marangon S., Terregino C. (2002) “Newcastle Disease Outbreaks in Italy during 2000”; Vet Rec 2002 May; 150:565-568
  • Capua I., Mutinelli F., Hablovarid M. H. (2002) “Avian Embryo Susceptibility to Italian H7N1 Avian Influenza Viruses Belonging to Different Genetic Lineages”; Arch Virol; 147:1611-1621
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2002) “Avian Influenza in Poultry in Chile”; Vet Rec 2002 Aug; 151(6)
2001 
  • Banks J., Speidel E. S., Moore E., Plowright L., Piccirillo A., Capua I., Cordioli P., Fioretti A., Alexander D. J. (2001) “Changes in the haemagglutinin and the neuramminidase genes, prior to the emergence of highly pathogenic H7N1 avian influenza viruses in Italy”; Arch Virol; 146:963-973
  • Capua I., Mutinelli F. (2001) “Mortality of Muscovy ducks (Chairina moschata) and domestic geese (Anser anser var.domestica) following natural infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza of the H7N1 subtype”; Avian Pathol; 30:179-183
  • Herczeg J., Pascucci S., Massi P., Luini M., Selli L., Capua I., Lomniczi B. (2001) “A longitudinal study of velogenic Newcastle disease virus genotypes isolated in Italy between 1960 and 2000”; Avian Pathol; 30:163-168 
  • Cattoli G., Manvell R.J., Tisato E., Banks J., Capua I. (2001) “Characterisation of Newcastle disease viruses isolated in Italy in 2000”; Avian Pathol; 30:465-469
  • Terregino C., Montesi F., Capua I. (2001) “Detection of circovirus-like agent from farmed pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) in Italy”; Vet Rec; 15:340 
2000
  • Capua I., Mutinelli F., Terregino C., Cattoli G., Manvell R.J., Burlini F. (2000) “Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H7N1) in ostriches farmed in Italy”; Vet Rec; 146:356
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2000) “Review article: The avian influenza epidemic in Italy, 1999-2000”; Avian Pathol; 29:289-294
  • Capua I., Mutinelli F., Marangon S., Alexander D.J. (2000) “H7N1 Avian Influenza in Italy (1999-2000) in intensively reared chickens and turkeys”; Avian Pathol; 29:537-543
  • Capua I., Mutinelli F., Bozza M.A., Terregino C., Cattoli G. (2000) “Highly pathogenic avian influenza (H7N1) in ostriches (Struthio camelus)”; Avian Pathol; 29:645-648 
  • Capua I., Marangon S., Dalla Pozza M. (2000) “Newcastle disease in Italy”; Vet Rec; 146(26):768 
  • Capua I., Grossele B., Bertoli E., Cordioli P. (2000) “Monitoring for highly pathogenic avian influenza in wild birds in Italy”; Vet Rec; 147:640 
  • Capua I., Marangon S., Dalla Pozza M., Santucci U. (2000) “Vaccination for Avian Influenza in Italy”; Vet Rec 2000 Dec; 751
  • Capua I., Marangon S. (2000) “The Italian experience: what can we learn from it?”;  World Poultry, Elsevier Special ’00; 21-22 
  • Capua I. (2000) “Arthropod-borne Viral diseases”; Proceedings of son, Poultry Dis 5th Edition; 364-373
1999
  • Capua I., Marangon S., Selli L., Alexander D.J.,. Swayne D.E, Dalla Pozza M., Parenti E., Cancellotti F.M. (1999) “Outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N2) in Italy during October 1997 - January 1998” Avian Pathol; 28:455-460
  • Capua I., Minta Z., Karpinska E., Mawditt K., Britton P., Cavanagh D., Gough R.E. (1999) “Co-circulation of four types of infectious bronchitis virus (793/B, 624/I, B1648 and Massachusetts)”; Avian Pathol; 28:587-592
  • Terregino C., Catelli E., Delogu M., Capua I., Tonelli A. (1999) “Poxvirus infection in a blue bonnet parrot”; Vet Rec; 145:264 
1998
  • Capua I. (1998) “Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever in ostriches: a public health risk for countries of the European Union? Guest Editorial”; Avian Pathol; 27:117-120
  • Swanepoel R., Leman P.A., Burt F.J., Jardine J., Verwoerd D., Capua I., Bruckner G.K., Burger W.P. (1998) “Experimental infection of ostriches with Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever virus”; Epidemiol Infect; 121:427-432
  • Lomniczi B., Wehmann E., Herczeg J., Ballagi-Pordany A., Kaleta E.F., Werner O., Muelemans G., Jorgensen P.H., Mantè A.P., Gielkens A.L.J., Capua I. , Damoser J. (1998) “Newcastle  disease outbreaks in recent years in western Europe were caused by an old (VI) and novel genotype (VII)” Arch of Virol; 143:49-64
1997
  • Gough R.E., Drury S.E., Capua I., Courtenay A.E., Sharp M.W., Dick A.C.K., (1997) “Isolation and identification of adenoviruses from ostriches (Struthio camelus)”; Vet Rec; 140:402-403
  • Capua I., Fico R., Banks M., Tamba M., Calzetta G. (1997) “Isolation and characterisation of an Aujeszky’s disease virus naturally infecting a wild boar (Sus scrofa)”; Vet Microbiol; 55:141-146
  • Capua I., Casaccia C., Calzetta G., Caporale V. (1997) “Characterisation of Aujeszky’s disease viruses isolated from domestic animals and from a wild boar in Italy between 1972 and 1995” Vet Microbiol; 57:143-149
  • Zanin E., Capua I., Casaccia C., Zuin A., Moresco A. (1997) “Isolation and characterisation of an Aujeszky's disease virus in captive brown bears from Italy”; J Wildl Dis; 33:632-634 
1995
  • Capua I., Liberti L., Gough R.E., Casaccia C., Asdrubali G., (1995) “Isolation and characterisation of an adenovirus associated with inclusion body hepatitis in psittacine birds”; Avian Pathol; 24:717-722
1994
  • Capua I., Gough R.E., Scaramozzino P., Lelli R,  Gatti A. (1994) “Isolation of an adenovirus from an ostrich (Struthio camelus) causing pancreatitis in experimentally infected guinea fowl (Numida meleagris)”; Avian Dis; 38:642-646
  • Capua I., Gough R.E., Mancini M., Casaccia C., Weiss C. (1994) “A novel infectious bronchitis strain infecting broiler chickens in Italy”; J Vet Med B; 41:83-89
  • Capua I., Manvell R. J., Dantonucci D. and Scaramozzino P. (1994) “Isolation of the pigeon PMV1 variant of Newcastle disease virus from imported pheasants (Phasianus colchicus)”; J Vet Med B; 41(10):675-678
1993
  • Capua I., Scacchia M., Toscani T., Caporale V. (1993) “Unexpected isolation of virulent Newcastle disease virus from commercial embryonated fowls' eggs”; J Vet Med B; 40:609-612